Wilfred (634-709)
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Synopsis

WILFRID, Bishop of York, b. in Northumbria, 634; d. at York, Oct. 12, 709. He was educated in the monastery of Lindisfarne, but having found out that the way to virtue taught by the Scotch monks was not the perfect one, he set out for Rome, where he arrived in 654. After his return from Rome, he was, by King Aswy of Northumbria, appointed tutor to his son Alchfred, 664; and having, at the synod of Streneshale (Whitby in Yorkshire), persuaded the king and the clergy that the Roman computation of Easter, and the Roman shape of time tonsure, were the only right ones, he received the episcopal see of York as a reward (665), and held it for forty years. He was one of the most prominent champions of the Church of Rome in England. Several times he was deposed or expelled from his see by the kings; and each time he repaired to Rome, where he was sure to find support. On one of his journeys to Rome he suffered shipwreck on the Frisian coast, and began that missionary work among them which afterwards was so successfully continued by Wilbrord. See HEDDIUS: Vita Wilfridi; and BEDE: Hist. Eccl., i., iii-v.

Theodor Christlieb, "Wilfred," Philip Schaff, ed., A Religious Encyclopaedia or Dictionary of Biblical, Historical, Doctrinal, and Practical Theology, 3rd edn, Vol. 4. Toronto, New York & London: Funk & Wagnalls Company, 1894. p.2522.

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Primary Sources

Book or monograph Eddius Stephanus of Ripon, The Historian of the Church of Rome and its Archbishops, 1. J. Raine, ed. Rolls Series, 1879.

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Secondary Sources

Book or monograph William Bright, Chapters in English Church History. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1878. pp.187-200, 209-11, 280-308, 367-416, 432.
Book or monograph G.F. Browne, Theodore and Wilfrith. 1897.
Book or monograph Eleanor Shipley Duckett, Anglo-Saxon Saints and Scholars. Shoe-String Press, 1983. Hbk. ISBN: 0208002006. pp.101-214. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph William Trent Foley, Images of Sanctity in Eddius Stephanus' Life of Bishop Wilfred. Lewiston, Queenston and Lampeter: Edwin Mellen Press, 1992. Pbk. ISBN: 0773495134. pp.195. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph D.P. Kirby, ed. Saint Wilfred at Hexham. Newcastle Upon Tyne: Oriel Press, 1974. Hbk. ISBN: 0853621551. pp.207. {Amazon.com}
Article D.P. Kirby, "Bede, Eddius Stephanus and the 'Life of Wilfred'," English Historical Review 98 (1983): 101-14.
Article H. Mayr-Harting, "St. Wilfred in Sussex," M.J. Kitch, ed. Studies in Sussex Church History (1981): 1-17.
Book or monograph Harting: The Coming of Christianity in Anglo-Saxon EnglandHenry Mayr-Harting, The Coming of Christianity in Anglo-Saxon England, 3rd edn. Penn State University Press, 1991. Pbk. ISBN: 0271007699. pp.129-47. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Stenton: Anglo-Saxon EnglandFrank M. Stenton, Anglo-Saxon England. The Oxford History of England, 2, 3rd edn. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001. Pbk. ISBN: 0192801392. pp.123, 132-45. {Amazon.com}
Article B.W. Wells, "Eddi's Life of Wilfred," English Historical Review 6 (1891): 595-50.

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